The guide focuses on tackling underlying disaster risk drivers and strengthening good governance in disaster risk reduction (DRR) strategies, at all levels and across sectors and actors. The document advises local governments (authorities, planners and managers at city or other sub-national levels) on the mechanisms for developing and implementing a holistic and integrated DRR strategy that contributes to building resilience at the local level. It outlines what a local DRR and resilience strategy should look like, and what is needed to create and implement one. The guide is divided into seven chapters. Following the introduction, chapter two highlights the role of subnational levels in developing local disaster risk reduction and resilience strategies and the importance of localizing DRR. Chapter three delineates the main characteristics of a local disaster risk reduction and resilience strategy, while chapter four introduces the enabling factors that generate the conditions for its development throughout an inclusive and participatory process. Chapter five elaborates on the three core elements that aid in implementing a local disaster risk reduction and resilience strategy. Chapter six includes a selection of case studies exemplifying some of the main themes covered in the guide. Finally, chapter seven draws some conclusions.